Class Notes 9/29

What are we thinking about:

  • Cop Ride Along
  • Breakfast went bad
  • Excited to visit home
  • Missing family
  • Thinking about homework and how overwhelmed they are
  • Laundry before work
  • Started a job at Mulligan’s
  • Where to live next year
  • Finally good weather
  • Next class’s quiz is cancelled
  • Internship planning
  • Done with her group project- relieved
  • Thinking about working with CNA
  • New soccer coach- big meeting

What does a journalist do?

Report: give a spoken or written account of something that one has observed, heard, done or investigated.

Reporting is a small part of what journalists do. They gather information and inform people. They hunt for information, you can’t just sit at your chair and wait for stories, you have to go find them. Journalists observe, and fact check the information. Cross checking observations to ensure information is factual. The most sacred of duties is to be a witness. In order to be a doctor you have to have a license- not a single journalist in the country have ever been licensed. Journalists will never be licensed. Reason: freedom of the press. Unlike any other freedom in any other country. Ultimately, having any kind of license allows the government to tell you how to do your business. For journalism: it takes away your freedom, maybe suggests only people of certain education can practice. You will never have a license to be a journalist. Journalists are truly the essential watchdog. There is an ethical code but nobody licenses you. Do you have to be employed by an institution to be a journalist? The answer is no. You have people who are unlicensed and extremely powerful who are changing the course of history, the court is starting to define who a journalist is.

A journalist is someone who is not a licensed professional. Is a watchdog for the government. A journalist re-structures and re-organizes society. They observe and hunt for information. One of the main roles of a journalist is to organize the flow of information and give a guiding light to what is happening. Spotlight what is and is not important. 

Favorite Journalist: Sean Hannity, serves as a host of FOX News Channel’s Hannity. He joined the network in 1996 and is currently one of the most prominent and influential conservative voices in the country. He has secured many interviews with key political figures such as then-president George W. Bush and then-Vice President Dick Cheney, and an exclusive interview with George Zimmerman. He also previously co-hosted the second-highest rated program in cable news, “Hannity and Colmes.” Hannity isn’t afraid to hunt for stories, recently in 2014 he traveled to Israel to speak with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during the Israel/Gaza conflict. He is known for his provocative style and free-wheeling, passionate commentary on politics and the American Agenda. Hannity is currently ranked no. 2 in Talker Magazine’s Top 100 Talk Host in America and was listed as No. 72 on Forbes’ “Celebrity 100” list in 2013. He has received many radio talk show awards. He is also the author of three New York Times bestsellers.



  • American Photography- A Century of Images
  • 1999- Horrible storm destroyed a town.
  • “Pictures are more important than anything” They are memories from the past.
  • We take and keep photographs for many different reasons. Some are great emotional memories that I want to preserve, some are milestones that I want to remember to remind myself I did that.
  • “Try to imagine the world today without photographs. It would like being a person blind from birth, trying to imagine the world around them.”
  • Pictures are life or death, that inspire us to act. Can save our lives, literally.
  • Photos define the 20th century.
  • Many shots that we can’t even imagine living without. They come so fundamental for how we view ourselves and how we view a particular era.
  • “You press the button, we do the rest.”
  • Brownie Camera- original Kodak was too expensive. The brownie was something new- a small solid camera with very few controls. Only cost $1.
  • People wanted visual records of their lives.
  • Before the Brownie, people would have their pictures taken only once or twice in their lives. Portraits changed peoples lives, photos became more casual as time progressed. Posed portraits were common, very stern.
  • In the first year alone, a quarter of a million brownies were sold in America.
  • Photography became a great American art, picture post cards became popular
  • People sent postcards for many reasons- fulfilled the function of newspaper photographs- they couldn’t afford it.
  • Coverage of really big events, 10’s of millions postcards produced every year.
  • Photo montages became popular- exaggeration photo montages.
  • Many photos highlighting suffragettes, found in many ancestors attics- preserved out of respect.
  • For most of 19th century- if photos were to be used in books they would be glued in by hand, one at a time.
  • in 1905- “The National Geographic” was losing money fast, found pictures of Lhasa in Tibet and decided to publish them. The general public loved the pictures. Editor began filling the magazines with more and more photographs. Suddenly the wonders of the world were on your doorstep. Photography made the National Geographic very popular, Americans learned a great deal from it.
  • It was through the magazine pages where Americans were able to form their view of others around the world.
  • Edward Curtis was a great photographer- made it his enterprise to photograph the people he thought would disappear. Curtis gave non-indians a view of beauty. What Curtis did was extraordinary- left us with an incredible legacy. That last brief shining moment when we looked glorious, when things weren’t shattered. For me, and for a lot of native people, those pictures give us a fantasy, I want a real picture of the daily world, the way people were living it. Curtis can’t give me that.
  • “Is photography an art?” Where is the art when all you do is press a button, can it be compared to paintings and drawings?
  • Photo successions movement- stepping away from normal photography. Changing the way photos were taken- making them more artistic- “filters”?
  • Victorian photographs looked like art, like drawings, like beautiful rich prints.
  • Meant to have darkness and sketchiness. The pictures have a very seductive quality- that of a dream world. Where you can enter a floating experience that is like music. Photography was made by a machine, no it really wasn’t. It needed human intervention to really become art. 

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